2. National Swine Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard

2.3 On-Farm Animal Health Management and Regional Considerations

On-farm disease management procedures are essential to limit the risk of spread of pathogens within the farm and to other sites.

 

2.3.1 Diseased Stock Management

Diseased Stock Management Minimize the spread of pathogens from diseased animals within the site and to other sites within the region.
Rationale

Diseased animals are the major source of pathogens that can infect healthy animals. Biosecurity measures and procedures need to be adapted to the herd health status of the pigs on the site.

Principles

Examples of Best Management Practices:

For more BMP refer to Section 6 of the User Guide.

Segregation

Move sick animals to a hospital pen, as recommended in the Canadian Quality Assurance Program (CQA©) (see www.cqa-aqc.ca/resources-materials-e.php).

Do not move sick animals to another group.

Sanitation

Define and apply adequate sanitation procedures for hospital pens.

Have dedicated equipment for hospital pens.

Flow Management

Farm and Production system Level: Consult the production system veterinarian on altering pig movements to reduce the risk of pathogen spread.

Farm and Production system Level: Consult the production system veterinarian on the use of a pharmaceutical within a system.

Records

Maintain daily mortality logs for each herd, as in the Animal Care Program (ACA©) (see www.cqa-aqc.ca/aca/index-e.php).

2.3.2 Swine Immunization Strategy

Swine Immunization Strategy Ensure effective immunization of the swine herd.
Rationale

Swine immunization strategies are important in order to reduce the outbreak and spread of disease.

Principles

Examples of Best Management Practices:

For more BMP refer to Section 6 of the User Guide.

Segregation

Control exposure of new incoming animals to the local resident animals and microflora.

Sanitation

Clean, wash and disinfect animal pens or facilities before pigs are introduced onto the site.

Flow Management

Farm Level: Include a swine immunization Strategy for exposing incoming animals to the local resident animals.

Farm and Production system Level: Have an appropriate immunization Strategy within each unit.

Records

Record all immunizations of animals, as required in CQA© (see www.cqa-aqc.ca/resources-materials-e.php).